Flash Cards

By Mr. Winters
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Introduction, Measurement, & Prob. Solving (12 cards on 3 pages)

The Scientific Method, Observations and Measurements (Qualitative, Quantitative, Inferences), Graphing–Great Graphs, Recongizing and Using Significant Digits, Scientific Notation, Accuracy vs. Precision, Metric System, % and ppm, Unit Analysis

Matter (8 cards on 2 pages)

Mass & Weight; Pure Substances, Elements, Compounds & Mixtures; Homogeneous & Heterogeneous Mixtures, Separating Mixtures by Filtration, Distillation & Chromatography; Mass, Volume & Density; Intensive & Extensive Properties, Physical & Chemical Properties, Physical & Chemical Changes, Conservation of Mass, Symbols of the Elements, Relative Abundance of the Elements, Natural History of Airs Lab

Structure of the Atom (8 cards on 2 pages)

Subatomic Particles, Terms, Calculating Atomic Mass; Determining Numbers of Protons, Neutrons & Electrons from Isotopic Notation; Important People, Early Experimental Observations, Rutherford’s Gold Foil Experiment

Chemical Formulas (12 cards on 3 pages)

Terms, Memorization Tips for Positive and Negative Ions, Formula Conventions, How Ions Form, Writing Ionic Formulas, More Ions & Oxidation Numbers, Determining Oxidation Numbers, Writing & Naming Acids, Stock Names vs. Traditional Names, Naming Molecular Compounds, Determining Ion Charges from Formulas

The Mathematics of Chemical Formulas (8 cards on 2 pages)

Terms, Calculating Formula Mass, Mole Facts, Line Equations, Mole Relationships, Percent Composition, Formula from % Composition, Other Mole Problems

Chemical Equations (8 cards on 2 pages)

Terms, Types of Reactions, Energy Changes, Showing Phases in Equations; Molecular, Ionic & Net Ionic Equations; Word Equations, Law of Conservation of Mass & Complete Combustion

The Mathematics of Chemical Equations (8 cards on 2 pages)

Coefficients and Relative Volumes of Gases, Hearts of the Problem, Mass-Mass & Mass-Volume Problems, Limiting Reactant Problems, How Much Excess is Left, Baking Soda Lab Ideas

Phases of Matter (8 cards on 2 pages)

Pressure Definition & Units, Manometers & Measuring Pressure, heating Curve and Energy Changes, Names of Phase Changes & Energy, Kinetic Molecular Theory; Vapor Pressure, IMF’s & Kinetic Energy; Boiling Point; Solids, Liquids & Gases

The Gas Laws (12 cards on 3 pages)

Boyle’s Law, Boyle’s Law Lab, Kelvin Temperature Scale, Charles’ Law, Gay-Lussac’s Law, The Combined Gas Law, The Ideal Gas Law, Dalton’s Law of Partial Pressure, Why Do All Gases Cause the Same Pressure, Graham’s Law

Electronic Structure of the Atom (4 cards on 1 page)

Electron Energy Levels, Orbital Diagrams & Electron Configurations, Filling Orbitals, Valence Electrons

The Periodic Table (8 cards on 2 pages)

Trends about the Periodic Table, People of the Periodic Table, Families (Groups) of the Table, Terms, Trends of the Periodic Table, Explaining the Size of Atoms and Ions, Explaining Ionization Energy, Isoelectronic Species, Clues for the Periodic Table

Chemical Bonding (8 cards on 2 pages)

Three Types of Bonding, The Ionic Bond, The Covalent Bond, Groves’ Method of Drawing Dot Structures, Lewis Dot Structures, Comparing Ionic & Molecular Substances, Electronegativity & Polar Bonds, Shapes & Polar Molecules

Nuclear Chemistry (12 cards on 3 pages)

The People, Terms, Types of Radiation, Half-Life, Nuyclear Equations, Stabilizing Unstable Nuclei, Uses of Radioactivity, Fission and Fusion, Energy -Mass Conversion, What Happens During Beta and Positron Decay


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